This list is far from complete. Just some examples…
- Currly willow
- birds eye maple
- denim pine
- juniper (knife handles, ect)
- Boletus edulis or edible Boletus, native to Europe, known in Italian as Fungo Porcino (plural ‘porcini’) (Pig mushroom), in German as Steinpilz (Stone mushroom), in Russian as “white mushroom”, in Albanian as (Wolf mushroom) and in French the cèpe. It also known as the king bolete, and is renowned for its delicious flavor. It is sought after worldwide, and can be found in a variety of culinary dishes.
- Cantharellus cibarius (The chanterelle), The yellow chanterelle is one of the best and most easily recognizable mushrooms, and can be found in Asia, Europe, North America and Australia. There are poisonous mushrooms which resemble it, though these can be confidently distinguished if one is familiar with the chanterelle’s identifying features.
- Cantharellus tubaeformis, the tube chanterelle or yellow-leg
- Clitocybe nuda – Blewit (or Blewitt)
- Cortinarius caperatus the Gypsy mushroom (recently moved from genus Rozites)
- Craterellus cornucopioides – Trompette de la Mort or Horn of Plenty
- Grifola frondosa, known in Japan as maitake (also “hen of the woods” or “sheep’s head”); a large, hearty mushroom commonly found on or near stumps and bases of oak trees, and believed to have Macrolepiota procera properties.
- Gyromitra esculenta this “False morel” is prized by the Finns. This mushroom is deadly poisonous if eaten raw, but highly regarded when parboiled(see below).
- Hericium erinaceus, a tooth fungus; also called “lion’s mane mushroom.”
- Hydnum repandum Sweet tooth fungus, hedgehog mushroom, urchin of the woods
- Lactarius deliciosus Saffron milk cap – Consumed around the world and prized in Russia
- Morchella species, (morel family), morels belong to the ascomycete grouping of fungi. They are usually found in open scrub, woodland or open ground in late spring. When collecting this fungus, care must be taken to distinguish it from the poisonous false morels, including Gyromitra esculenta.
- Morchella conica var. deliciosa
- Morchella esculenta var. rotunda
- Tricholoma matsutake the Matsutake, a mushroom highly prized in Japanese cuisine.
- Tuber species, (the truffle), Truffles have long eluded the modern techniques of domestication known as trufficulture. Although the field of trufficulture has greatly expanded since its inception in 1808, several species still remain uncultivated. Domesticated truffles include
- Tuber borchii
- Tuber brumale
- Tuber indicum – Chinese black truffle
- Tuber macrosporum – White truffle
- Tuber mesentericum – The Bagnoli truffle
- Tuber uncinatum – Black summer truffle
- Lactarius salmonicolor
- Amanita caesarea (Caesar’s Mushroom)
- Armillaria mellea
- Boletus badius
- Chroogomphus rutilus (pine-spikes or spike-caps)
- Calvatia gigantea (Giant Puffball)
- Clavariaceae species (coral fungus family)
- Clavulinaceae species (coral fungus family)
- Coprinus comatus, the Shaggy mane. Must be cooked as soon as possible after harvesting or the caps will first turn dark and unappetizing, then deliquesce and turn to ink. Not found in markets for this reason.
- Cortinarius variicolor
- Fistulina hepatica (beefsteak polypore or the ox tongue)
- Hygrophorus chrysodon
- Auricularia auricula-judae
- Lactarius salmonicolor
- Lactarius subdulcis (mild milkcap)
- Lactarius volemus
- Laetiporous sulphureus (Sulphur shelf). Also known by names such as the “chicken mushroom”, “chicken fungus”, sulphur shelf is a distinct bracket fungus popular among mushroom hunters.
- Leccinum aurantiacum (Red-capped scaber stalk)
- Leccinum scabrum (Birch bolete)
- Lepiota procera
- Macrolepiota procera Parasol Mushroom – Globally, it is widespread in temperate regions
- Polyporus squamosus (Dryad’s saddle and Pheasant’s back mushroom)
- Polyporus sulphureus
- Polyporus mylittae
- Ramariaceae species (coral fungus family)
- Rhizopogon luteolus
- Russula, some members of this genus are edible.
- Sparassis crispa. Also known as “cauliflower mushroom”.
- Suillus bovinus
- Suillus luteus
- Suillus tomentosus
- Tricholoma terre
- Agaricus blazei – Polio, Western equine encephalitis
- Cordyceps sinensis – Promotes blood circulation (?) Cure for Hepatitis B
- Coriolus versicolor – Cure for HIV
- Ganoderma lucidum (Reishi) – HSV-1, HSV-2, Influenza virus, Vesicular stomatitis
- Hypsizygus tessellatus – Epstein-Barr virus
- Inonotus obliquus (Chaga) – Influenza virus
- Kuehneromyces mutabilis – Influenza virus
- Lentinula edodes (Shiitake) – HSV-1, HIV, Influenza virus, Vesicular stomatitis (contains aproteinase inhibitor.)
- Piptoporus betulinus – Pox virus
- Pleurotus eryngii – Tobacco mosaic virus
- Pleurotus ostreatus (Oyster mushroom) – HIV
- Wild orange day lily
- red rose
- wild mustard flowers
- grape hyacinth
- wild carrot
- purple clover
- plant parts for decoration:
Cedar boughs, and other conifer boughs.
- Curly willow
- bonzi trees
- cattail seed heads
- common reed (Phragmites) seed heads
- sensitive fern spore stalks
- groundpine (Lycopodium) stems
- Redgum (sweetgum) fruits
- Cones (pine, spruce, hemlock)
- Showy fruits of bittersweet, strawberrybush.
edible wild plant foods:
- Raspberries, blackberries: Raspberries come in different colors, including red, black, orange and yellow. Both raspberries and blackberries have leaves of three and thorns on their plants. Raspberries are hollow inside.
- Blueberries: Can be found in sunny meadows. Their fruit are round and dark blue to black.
- Bearberry: An evergreen shrub with white flowers and red berries.
- Cranberries: Small red berries that grow along the ground on stems.
- Hackberries: Small and orange-yellow, hackberries can be eaten when they are ripe enough to fall from the tree.
- Strawberries: Red with three leaves, only strawberries with white flowers are edible. Other similar-looking berries are poisonous.
- Grapes: One of the few vine fruit that are relatively easy to identify, grapes grow up into trees, have tendrils on their stems and serrated leaves. They may be dark blue or red. Don’t confuse these with Canada moonseed, which has round, smooth-edged leaves and is poisonous.
- Wild Rose: Also known as rosehips, these berries are red and oval. They are an excellent source of Vitamin C.
- Sea Buckthorn: Orange yellow berries that may be in season throughout the winter. As their name suggests, sea buckthorn can be found along the coast.
- Thimbleberries: Also known as salmonberries, thimbleberries are shaped like thimbles. Their plant has white flowers and large green leaves. Sometimes the leaves are made into tea.
- Gooseberries: gooseberries are often used in fruit pies and come in many colors: pink, red (ranging in shades to almost black), green, white and yellow. Their flowers are green.
- Mulberries: Mulberries come in various colors including white, red and black. Mulberries are hardy plants and can survive in very cold temperatures.
- Juniper berries
- Bull Kelp
- Macro Kelp
- Sea Lettuce
gooey duck clams
WIld plants for food products:
- Balsam Fir
- Red Maple
- Sugar Maple
- American Hornbeam
- White Dogwood
- Mountain Laurel
- Red Spruce
- White Pine
- Red Oak
- Pin Oak
- Catawba or Purple Rhododendron
- Great Laurel
- Green Ash
- White Ash
- White Spruce
- Wild Ginseng
- St johns wort
Yellow Skunk Cabbage (Lysichitum americanum)
Lamb’s Quarters (Chenopodium album)
Water Plantain (Alisma plantago-aquatica)
Sheep Sorrel (Rumex acetosella)
Curled Dock (Rumex crispus)
False Hellebore (Veratrum viride)
- Star-of-Bethelehem (Ornithogalum umbellatum)
- False Solomon’s Seal (Smilacina raremosa)
- False Lily-of-the-Valley (Maianthemum dilatatum)
- Nodding Onion (Allium cernuum)
- Clasping Twistedstalk (Streptopus amplexifolius)
Rattlesnake Plantain (Goodyera oblongifolia)
Wild Ginger (Asarum caudatum)
Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria)
Watercress (Nasturtium officinale)
- Sheperd’s Purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris)
Field Mustard (Brassica campestris)
Broadleaf Plantain (Plantago major)
Buckbean (Menyanthes trifoliata)
Cleavers (Gallium aparine)
Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis)
Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)
Blue Violet (Viola adunca)
Miner’s Lettuce (Claytonia siberica)
Western Prince’s Pine (Chimaphila umbellata)
- Indian Pipe (Monotropa uniflora)
- One-sided Wintergreen (Pyrola secunda)
- Wax-flower (Moneses uniflora)
- Pink Wintergreen (Pyrola asarifolia)
Common Mallow (Malva neglecta)
- High Mallow (Malva sylvestris)
Herb Robert (Geranium robertianum)
Western St. John’s Wort (Hypericum formosum)
Red Columbine (Aquilegia formosa)
- Western Anenome (Anenome lyallii)
- False Bugbane (Trautvetteria caroliniensis)
Roseroot (Sedum integrifolium)
Chickweed (Stellaria media)
Foamflower (Tiarella cordifolia)
- Smooth Alumroot (Heuchera glabra)
- Fringecup (Tellima grandiflora)
Goatsbeard (Aruncus dioicus)
- Silverweed (Potentilla anserina)
- Coastal Strawberry (Fragaria chiloensis)
- Sitka Burnet (Sanguisorba canadensis)
- Large-leaved Avens (Geum macrophyllum)
Cow Parsnip (Heracleum lanatum)
- Queen Anne’s Lace (Daucus carota)
- Pacific Water-parsley (Oenanthe sarmentosa)
- Sea-watch (Angelica lucida)
- Desert Parsley (Lomatium nudicaule)
Field Mint (Mentha arvensis)
- Yerba Buena (Satureja douglasii)
- Self Heal (Prunella vulgaris)
- Hedge Nettle (Stachys cooleyae)
Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)
- Common Mullein (Verbascum thapsus)
- American Brookline (Veronica beccabunga)
Spreading Dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)
Small-flowered Forget-me-not (Myosotis laxa)
- Tall Bluebells (Mertensia paniculata)
Field Bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis)
Black Nightshade (Solanum nigrum)
Manroot (Marah oreganus)
Twinflower (Linnaea borealis)
Sitka Valerian (Valeriana sitchensis)
Nipplewort (Lapsana commununis)
- Mountain Arnica (Arnica latifolia)
- Common Burdock (Arctium minus)
- Common Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)
- Common Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
- Sweet Coltsfoot (Petasites frigidus)
- Pearly Everlasting (Anaphalis margaritacea)
- Chicory (Cichorium intybus)Common Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)
Yellow Pond Lily (Nuphar polysepalum)
- Antlers (from knife handles to medicine), all types.
- Furs (tanned or raw), pelts
- lures, bates.
- medicinal animal parts (do your own research)